Population and Households in Serbia According to the Results of the 2011 Census
Demography, Population Policy
Overview of the demographic characteristics, trends and changes in the development of Serbian population in the first decade of the 21st century.
Current demographic challenges of Serbia cannot be successfully considered and addressed without analysing comprehensive data such as those offered by population census. However, even in that case, there are limitations caused by changed methodologies and census characteristics between successive censuses, the problem that needed to be overcome through the methods of demographic analysis.
The aim of the research was to offer a comprehensive and thorough insight into socio-demographic indicators, especially bearing in mind the major changes that had occurred in Serbia when it comes to the trends in demographic and migration processes at the turn of the century. The results needed to be interpreted so that they would have a clear practical value for decision-makers.
Development of a separate study that would deal with analysing demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population and households in Serbia, based on the results of the Census of Population, Households and Dwellings of 2011 realised for the benefit of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia.
A team comprising ten demographers, mostly researchers of the Demographic Research Centre of the Institute of Social Sciences, with the support by the leading methodologists of the Census from the Statistical Office RS, analysed comprehensive data of the 2011 Census, obtained in additional processing of micro-data, so as to identify changes in the components of population dynamics and the most important socio-demographic structures of Serbian population.
The result of the research is the study entitled Population of Serbia at the Beginning of the 21st Century published as a part of the series of publications entitled “Census of Population, Households and Dwellings of 2011 in the Republic of Serbia” issued by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. The study involved methodological analysis of the Census, changes in the population dynamics and urbanisation, indicators of cohort fertility of women’s population relevant in family planning, demographical analysis of the immigrant population, changes in the structure of households and families, as well as changes in the key population structures from the perspective of contemporary demographic development of Serbia – i.e. gender-age, marital, educational and economic structures.
In addition to standard methodological approaches, this study offers contents that may be defined as an upgrade, not only when it comes to new characteristics and employed analytical attention, but also in terms of reconsideration of public policies. Professional public is offered a piece of research which not only useful in the domain of the public policies that guide population growth and migration movement, but also in a number of other fields of public governance, from employment, social protection and education, right down to spatial and urban planning.